Eisenstadt v. Baird (1972)

Key Facts– Massachusetts convicted Baird for distributing contraceptives to people not married, and without being a pharmacist or doctor.

Issue– Is Massachusetts’ distinction between married and unmarried couples based on rational grounds?

Holding– No

Result– Law struck down

Reasoning– The law cannot be intended to deter premarital sex, because that would make fornication punishable by pregnancy, and also because this would have barely any effect on the desired goal. Also, the right to contraceptive access must be the same for married and unmarried people. The right to privacy belongs to everyone.

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